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Title: A roadmap of tissue culture and biotechnology in European hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.)
Authors: Ferrucci, Andrea
Lupo, Michela
Turco, Silvia 
Pavese, Vera
Marinoni, Daniela Torello
Botta, Roberto
Cristofori, Valerio 
Mazzaglia, Angelo 
Silvestri, Cristian 
Issue Date: 2023
The increasing interest in European hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) cultivation registered in the last years has led to a significant increase in worldwide hazelnut growing areas, also involving regions characterized by a marginal presence of hazelnut orchards. Despite this increasement, world production still relies on the cultivation of few varieties, most of which are particularly suitable to the environment where they have been selected. Therefore, it is necessary to develop new cultivars with high environmental plasticity capable of providing constant and high-quality productions in the new environments and under the climatic change conditions of traditional growing areas. Over the years, many molecular markers for genetic breeding programs have been developed and omics sciences also provided further information about the genetics of this species. These data could be of support to the application of new plant breeding techniques (NPBTs), which would allow the development of cultivars with the desired characteristics in a shorter time than traditional techniques. However, the application of these methodologies is subordinated to the development of effective regeneration protocols which, to date, have been set up exclusively for seed-derived explants. A further aspect to be exploited is represented by the possibility of cultivating hazelnut cells and tissues in vitro to produce secondary metabolites of therapeutic interest. This review aims to consolidate the state of the art on biotechnologies and in vitro culture techniques applied on this species, also describing the various studies that over time allowed the identification of genomic regions that control traits of interest.
ISSN: 0981-9428
DOI: 10.1016/j.plaphy.2023.108167
Rights: CC0 1.0 Universal
Appears in Collections:A1. Articolo in rivista

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