Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2067/49630
Title: Thymol-Nanoparticles as Effective Biocides against the Quarantine Pathogen Xylella fastidiosa
Authors: Baldassarre, Francesca
Schiavi, Daniele
Ciarroni, Serena
Tagliavento, Vincenzo
De Stradis, Angelo
Vergaro, Viviana
Suranna, Gian Paolo
Balestra, Giorgio Mariano 
Ciccarella, Giuseppe
Journal: NANOMATERIALS 
Issue Date: 2023
Abstract: 
Quarantine pathogens require the investigation of new tools for effective plant protection. In particular, research on sustainable agrochemicals is the actual challenge. Plant extracts, essential oils, and gels are natural sources of efficient biocides, such as aromatic secondary metabolites. Thymol is the major phenolic constituent of thyme and oregano essential oils, and it can inhibit many pathogenic microbes. Thymol nanoparticles were obtained through adsorption on CaCO3 nanocrystals, exploiting their carrier action. High loading efficiency and capability were reached as verified through UV and TGA measurements. We report the first study of thymol effect on Xylella fastidiosa, conducing both fluorometric assay and in vitro inhibition assay. The first test confirmed the great antibacterial effect of this compound. Finally, an in vitro test revealed an interesting synergistic action of thymol and nanocarriers, suggesting the potential application of thymol-nanoparticles as effective biocides to control Xylella fastidiosa infection.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2067/49630
ISSN: 2079-4991
DOI: 10.3390/nano13071285
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Appears in Collections:A1. Articolo in rivista

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