Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2067/49444
Titolo: The State of the Art of Forest Operations in Beech Stands of Europe and Western Asia
Autori: Latterini, Francesco
Jagodziński, Andrzej M.
Horodecki, Paweł
Stefanoni, Walter
Venanzi, Rachele 
Picchio, Rodolfo 
Rivista: FORESTS 
Data pubblicazione: 2023
Beech (Fagus spp.) is one of the most common tree species in Europe and Western Asia. The implementation of sustainable forest Operations (SFOs) in beech forests is therefore crucial in terms of sustainable forest management. This review summarises the state of the art concerning time-motion studies carried out in beech forests, defining the work productivity and the related costs of different harvesting systems applied in these stands. The main focus in recent years on felling and processing operations has been the introduction of fully mechanised systems in beech forests, obtaining satisfactory results in terms of work productivity. However, the working performance is still lower than in coniferous stands. Skidding and forwarding resulted in suitable techniques for ground-based extraction, both showing a clear inclination towards increasing working performance when applying higher levels of mechanisation. Aerial extraction by cable yarders is particularly important in beech forests, considering that these are often located in steep terrains. Further efforts should be dedicated to enhancing the training for operators to extend the application of aerial extraction systems, which ensures good levels of work productivity and limited soil disturbances. In summary, this review aimed to give a clear insight into forest operations in beech forests which could be useful for forest managers, forest engineers and researchers in the sector of sustainable forest operations.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2067/49444
ISSN: 19994907
DOI: 10.3390/f14020318
Diritti: Attribution 4.0 International
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