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Title: High-throughput and point-of-care detection of wheat fungal diseases: Potentialities of molecular and phenomics techniques toward in-field applicability
Authors: francesconi, sara 
Issue Date: 2022
The wheat crop is one of the most cultivated and consumed commodities all over the world. Fungal diseases are of particular concern for wheat cultivation since they cause great losses and reduced quality, and also for the accumulation of toxin compounds into the final product. In this scenario, optimal disease management strategies are a key point to boosting food production and sustainability in agriculture. Innovative and point-of-care diagnostic technologies represent a powerful weapon for early detection of fungal pathogens and preventively counteract diseases on wheat with the aim to drastically reduce the fungicides as inputs. Indeed, in-field diagnostics devices are fast, sensitive, and ready-to-use technologies able to promptly detect a low inoculum concentration even at the pre-symptomatic stage of the disease. Promising isothermal molecular and phenomics-based methods have been developed to detect wheat fungal pathogens directly in the field. Such technologies could be potentially coupled to directly detect the presence of a certain pathogen and indirectly disclose the plant-pathogen interactions since spectral-based methodologies detect host perturbations following the infection. The present review reports the main in-field isothermal molecular-based and phenomics-based detection technologies for fungal pathogens in wheat discussing their advantages, disadvantages, and potential applications in the near future.
ISSN: 26733218
DOI: 10.3389/fagro.2022.980083
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Appears in Collections:A1. Articolo in rivista

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