Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2067/48573
Titolo: Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Carbon Sinks of an Italian Natural Park
Autori: Grossi, Giampiero
Vitali, Andrea 
Bernabucci, Umberto 
Lacetera, Nicola 
Nardone, Alessandro
Rivista: FRONTIERS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 
Data pubblicazione: 2021
Abstract: 
Natural parks (NPs) have a primary role in supporting people’s welfare by maintaining natural and cultural resources. Various activities, such as those related to conservation of flora and fauna, forestry, agriculture and livestock, residential, and tourism, coexist within the boundaries of NPs. All these activities may contribute as a source or sink of carbon dioxide and, despite some NPs having started to promote their environmental services, there is currently a lack of information on their carbon footprint (CF). Although various international standards have provided guidelines to assess the CF of organizations, a lack of explicit formulation and procedure in these standards makes them difficult to apply, especially when the organizations to be evaluated embed a wide range of biological and anthropogenic activities. The framework proposed in this paper provides for the first time a holistic methodological approach to quantitatively and qualitatively estimate the annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and removals occurring in NPs. The main data needed for the NP’s GHG inventory were directly collected on-site. The activity data and emissions factors as well as the methodologies involved were all referenced to their data sources, including the use of a biogeochemical model, IPCC equations, Ecoinvent database, and a literature review. This method highlighted that, by emitting 0.55 Mg CO2e ha−1 year−1, the NP generates an annual CF of about 3,300 Mg of CO2e. The agricultural activities with 43.4% of share showed the largest incidence, followed by wild fauna (17.8%), tourism (15.1%), and, to a lesser extent, all the other sectors considered in the assessment. On the other hand, when the annual soil and forest C sequestration rates were included in the balance, the NP contributes to sequester about 3.7 Mg CO2e ha−1 year−1, thus resulting in it being an important C-sink site (i.e., about 22,000 Mg CO2e year−1). By providing granular information on GHG emissions and carbon removals trend, the methodological approach involved in this study could help NPs in both planning effective mitigation strategies and supporting environmental certification processes. CF of NPs could increase tourists’ awareness of the important role that these protected natural areas have in climate change mitigation and adaptation.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2067/48573
ISSN: 2296-665X
DOI: 10.3389/fenvs.2021.706880
È visualizzato nelle collezioni:A1. Articolo in rivista

File in questo documento:
File Descrizione DimensioniFormato Existing users please
Schermata 2022-11-17 alle 12.15.04.png348.92 kBimage/png  Richiedi una copia
Visualizza tutti i metadati del documento

SCOPUSTM
Citations

4
Last Week
0
Last month
1
controllato il 11-giu-2024

Page view(s)

69
Last Week
0
Last month
2
controllato il 12-giu-2024

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric


Tutti i documenti nella community "Unitus Open Access" sono pubblicati ad accesso aperto.
Tutti i documenti nella community Prodotti della Ricerca" sono ad accesso riservato salvo diversa indicazione per alcuni documenti specifici