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Title: Cross-species utility of microsatellite loci for the genetic characterisation of Anisakis berlandi (Nematoda: Anisakidae)
Authors: Bello, Eleonora
Paoletti, Michela 
Webb, Stephen C.
Nascetti, Giuseppe 
Mattiucci, Simonetta
Journal: PARASITE 
Issue Date: 2020
Eight microsatellite loci, recently developed in the species Anisakis pegreffii, were successfully amplified in Anisakis berlandi, sibling species of the A. simplex (s. l.) complex. They were validated on adult specimens (n = 46) of the parasite species, collected from two individuals of the definitive host, the long-finned pilot whale Globicephala melas from New Zealand waters. Among the eight loci scored, one, Anisl 07132, had null alleles in A. berlandi and was thus excluded from the subsequent genetic analysis. Two loci, Anisl 00314 and Anisl 10535, were monomorphic. In addition, as also previously detected in the other species of the A. simplex (s. l.) complex, the Anisl 7 locus was seen to be sex-linked, showing hemizygosity in male specimens. Differential allele frequency distributions of A. berlandi, with respect to those previously observed in A. pegreffii and A. simplex (s. s.), were found at some microsatellite loci. The Anisl 7 locus provided 100% diagnosis between A. berlandi and A. pegreffii, while others resulted in 99% diagnosis between A. berlandi and the other two species. Simple sequence repeat (SSR) loci also allowed us to estimate the genetic differentiation of A. berlandi from A. pegreffii (F st ≈ 0.45, Dc = 0.82) and A. simplex (s. s.) (F st ≈ 0.57, Dc = 0.73). The results suggest that SSRs provide a set of candidate markers for population genetics analysis of A. berlandi, as well as for the investigation, through a multi-locus genotyping approach, of possible patterns of hybridisation/introgression events between A. berlandi and the other two Anisakis species in sympatric conditions.
ISSN: 1252-607X
DOI: 10.1051/parasite/2020004
Rights: Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
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