Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2067/47690
Titolo: Short-term effects in canopy gap area on the recovery of compacted soil caused by forest harvesting in old-growth oriental beech (Fagus orientalis lipsky) stands
Autori: Jourgholami, Meghdad
Feghhi, Jahangir
Tavankar, Farzam
Latterini, Francesco
Venanzi, Rachele 
Picchio, Rodolfo 
Rivista: IFOREST 
Data pubblicazione: 2021
Abstract: 
Natural treefall gaps have a substantial role in maintaining soil and plant diversity in old-growth forests. However, the amount of information on the effects of gaps on the recovery of physical and chemical properties of compacted soils is scarce. We tested the hypothesis that natural treefall gaps accelerate the restoration of compacted soil by enhancing biological and microbial activity in the topsoil after a period of five years. Five years after a ground-based skid-ding operation in the Hyrcanian forest, the recovery levels of soil properties were compared among different treatments including natural canopy gaps with an area of 200 m2 (NCG), clear-cuts with an area of 1600 m2 (CC), disturbed trails under a dense canopy (DDC), and an undisturbed area (UND) as control. The lowest soil bulk density (1.07 g cm-3), penetration resistance (1.11 MPa), and the highest macroporosity (36.3%), and sand content (14.4%) among treatments were recorded for the NCG followed by DDC and CC treatments. Significantly lower values of soil pH, and electric conductivity and the highest values of soil organic C, total N, available P, K, Ca, and Mg were detected under the NCG followed by the DDC and CC treatments, as compared to the UND area. The highest values of earthworm density and dry mass, and soil microbial respiration were found in the NCG followed by the DDC and CC treatments. Fine root biomass was significantly higher in the UND area (92.27 g m-2) followed by the DDC, NCG and CC treatments. We can conclude that the effects of gap size on the recovery values of compacted soil were significant in terms of greater nutrient availability and higher earthworm density and dry mass, suggesting that mimicking natural canopy gap was more effective than the clear-cut gap (CC) for the resilience of the forest stand in the restoration of soil quality.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2067/47690
ISSN: 1971-7458
DOI: 10.3832/ifor3432-014
Diritti: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
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