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Title: An industrial scale, mechanical process for improving pellet quality and biogas production from Hazelnut and Olive pruning
Costa, Paolo
Dell’omo, Pier Paolo
Colantoni, Andrea
Cecchini, Massimo 
Monarca, Danilo 
Journal: ENERGIES 
Issue Date: 2021
The effects of a mechanical process on the solid fuel quality and anaerobic biodegradability of hazelnut and olive pruning were determined. The feedstock was treated using a two-stage dry milling process, followed by fractionation into four different products. The coarser products from the processing of both the raw materials, named C and M, were notable for the high reduction in both the ash and nitrogen content. Therefore, for hazelnut, they met the requirement of the EN ISO 17225-2 standard for both the industrial and residential pellets, whereas C and M from olive processing met the requirements only for the industrial pellet. The raw materials and the finest products from processing, named F1 and F2, were anaerobically digested in batch reactors under mesophilic conditions. The F2 product from hazelnut processing reached a methane yield of 118.1 Nm3 tVS−1, corresponding to a +70.1% gain over the untreated substrate, whereas F2 from olive pruning processing reached 176.5 Nm3 tVS−1, corresponding to a methane yield gain of about +93.5% over the untreated raw material. These results suggest that the investigated process could be successfully used to improve the quality of pruning and establish new markets for them.
ISSN: 1996-1073
DOI: 10.3390/en14061600
Appears in Collections:A1. Articolo in rivista

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