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Title: Growth forms and functional guilds distribution of soil fungi in coastal versus inland sites of victoria land, Antarctica
Authors: Canini F.
Geml J.
Buzzini P.
Turchetti B.
Onofri, Silvano 
D'Acqui L.P.
Ripa C.
Zucconi Galli Fonseca, Laura 
Journal: BIOLOGY 
Issue Date: 2021
In Victoria Land, Antarctica, ice-free areas are restricted to coastal regions and dominate the landscape of the McMurdo Dry Valleys. These two environments are subjected to different pressures that determine the establishment of highly adapted fungal communities. Within the kingdom of fungi, filamentous, yeasts and meristematic/microcolonial growth forms on one side and different lifestyles on the other side may be considered adaptive strategies of particular interest in the frame of Antarctic constraints. In this optic, soil fungal communities from both coastal and Dry Valleys sites, already characterized thorough ITS1 metabarcoding sequencing, have been compared to determine the different distribution of phyla, growth forms, and lifestyles. Though we did not find significant differences in the richness between the two environments, the communities were highly differentiated and Dry Valleys sites had a higher evenness compared to coastal ones. Additionally, the distribution of different growth forms and lifestyles were well differentiated, and their diversity and composition were likely influenced by soil abiotic parameters, among which soil granulometry, pH, P, and C contents were the potential main determinants.
ISSN: 2079-7737
DOI: 10.3390/biology10040320
Rights: Attribution-NoDerivs 3.0 United States
Appears in Collections:A1. Articolo in rivista

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