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|Title:||Changes in soil parameters of forests after windstorms and timber extraction||Authors:||Picchio, Rodolfo
Bodaghi, Afraz Iranparast
Di Marzio, Nicolò
|Journal:||EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH||Issue Date:||2019||Abstract:||
One of the main problems in close-to-nature management of high forests is linked to the ecological and economic aspects of salvage logging. This research involved analysing soil disturbance from salvage logging in four mountain forests, managed with close-to-nature silviculture: the Hyrcanian forest (three forest compartments in Iran), using extraction by skidder, and the Camaldoli forest (one parcel in Italy), using extraction by tractor. The point transect method was used for assessing soil disturbance and also included further measurements of ruts’ size and selected physical soil parameters on skid trails after operation. After a windstorm, more than 94% and 17% of the area were undisturbed in the Hyrcanian and Camaldoli forests, respectively. Bulk density, penetration resistance, and pH did not show any significant differences with their average values specifically between disturbed and undisturbed soil after a windstorm. Related only to the effect of salvage logging, more than 80% of the area was undisturbed. The results were significantly lower in terms of the average values of soil variables such as bulk density, penetration resistance, and total porosity in disturbed soil than in undisturbed soil. For all the sites that were studied, bulk density and penetration resistance increased with the increasing number of machines that passes, while total porosity decreased. The results showed significant positive correlations between bulk density and penetration resistance, bulk density and pH value, and total porosity and pH value and significant negative correlations between bulk density and total porosity and penetration resistance and total porosity. The results indicated that the point transect method of assessing soil disturbance provides a rapid assessment of soil conditions for monitoring soil disturbance after salvage logging. Our results also indicated that to reduce impacts to soil during salvage logging, if the volume of windthrow timber is low, salvage logging is not always necessary because of the broad ecological importance as well as the economic aspects of dead wood in forest ecosystems.
|Appears in Collections:||A1. Articolo in rivista|
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