Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2067/3146
Title: Cradle-to-grave carbon footprint of dried organic pasta: assessment and potential mitigation measures
Authors: Cimini, Alessio
Cibelli, Matteo
Moresi, Mauro
Keywords: Business-to-consumer carbon footprint;Cooking phase;Decorticated organic durum wheat;Dry organic pasta;Paperboard boxes;Polypropylene or polyethylene bags;Sensitivity analysis
Issue Date: 29-Apr-2019
Publisher: Wiley
Source: Cimini, A., Cibelli, M., Moresi, M. 2019. Cradle‐to‐grave carbon footprint of dried organic pasta: assessment and potential mitigation measures. "Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture" 99: 5303-5318.
Abstract: 
Background
In several Environmental Product Declarations, the business‐to‐business carbon footprint (CFCDC) of durum wheat semolina dried pasta ranged from 0.57 to 1.72 kg carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) kg−1. In this work, the business‐to‐consumer carbon footprint (CFCG) of 1 kg of dry decorticated organic durum wheat semolina pasta, as packed in 0.5 kg polypropylene bags by a South Italian medium‐sized pasta factory in the years 2016 and 2017, was assessed in compliance with the Publicly Available Specification 2050 standard method.

Results
Whereas CFCDC was mostly conditioned by the greenhouse gases emitted throughout durum wheat cultivation (0.67 vs 1.12 kg CO2e kg−1), CFCG was mainly dependent on the use and post‐consume phases (0.68 vs 1.81 kg CO2e kg−1). CFCG was more or less affected by the pasta types and packing formats used, since it varied from +0.3 to +14.8% with respect to the minimum score estimated (1.74 kg CO2e kg−1), which corresponded to long goods packed in 3 kg bags for catering service. Once the main hotspots had been identified, CFCG was stepwise reduced by resorting to a series of mitigation actions.

Conclusion
Use of more eco‐sustainable cooking practices, organic durum wheat kernels resulting from less impacting cultivation techniques, and renewable resources to generate the thermal and electric energy needs reduced CFCG by about 58% with respect to the above reference case. Finally, by shifting from road to rail freight transport and shortening the supply logistics of dry pasta and grains, a further 5% reduction in CFCG was achieved. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2067/3146
ISSN: 1097-0010
DOI: 10.1002/jsfa.9767
Appears in Collections:DIBAF - Archivio della produzione scientifica

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