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Title: European Mixed Forests: definition and research perspectives
Authors: Bravo-Oviedo, Andres
Pretzsch, Hans
Ammer, Christian
Andenmatten, Ernesto
Barbati, Anna
Barreiro, Susana
Brang, Peter
Bravo, Felipe
Coll, Lluis
Corona, Piermaria
den Ouden, Jan
Ducey, Mark J.
Forrester, David I.
Giergiczny, Marek
Jacobsen, Jette B.
Lesinski, Jerzy
Löf, Magnus
Mason, Bill
Bratislav, Matovic
Metslaid, Marek
Morneau, François
Motiejunaite, Jurga
O’Reilly, Conor
Pach, Maciej
Ponette, Quentin
del Rio, Miren
Short, Ian
Skovsgaard, Jens Peter
Soliño, Mario
Spathelf, Peter
Sterba, Hubert
Stojanovic, Dejan
Strelcova, Katarina
Svoboda, Miroslav
Svoboda, Miroslav
Kris, Verheyen
von Lüpke, Nikolas
Zlatanov, Tzvetan
Keywords: COST Action;EuMIXFOR;mixed-species forest;admixtures of species
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA)
Source: Bravo-Oviedo, A. et al., 2014. European Mixed Forests: definition and research perspectives. "Forest Systems" 23(3): 518-533
Aim of study: We aim at (i) developing a reference definition of mixed forests in order to harmonize comparative research in mixed forests and (ii) briefly review the research perspectives in mixed forests.
Area of study: The definition is developed in Europe but can be tested worldwide.
Material and methods: Review of existent definitions of mixed forests based and literature review encompassing dynamics, management and economic valuation of mixed forests.Main results: A mixed forest is defined as a forest unit, excluding linear formations, where at least two tree species
coexist at any developmental stage, sharing common resources (light, water, and/or soil nutrients). The presence of
each of the component species is normally quantified as a proportion of the number of stems or of basal area, although
volume, biomass or canopy cover as well as proportions by occupied stand area may be used for specific objectives.
A variety of structures and patterns of mixtures can occur, and the interactions between the component species and
their relative proportions may change over time. The research perspectives identified are (i) species interactions and responses to hazards, (ii) the concept of maximum
density in mixed forests, (iii) conversion of monocultures to mixed-species forest and (iv) economic valuation of ecosystem services provided by mixed forests.
Research highlights: The definition is considered a high-level one which encompasses previous attempts to define mixed forests. Current fields of research indicate that gradient studies, experimental design approaches, and model simulations are key topics providing new research opportunities.
ISSN: 2171-5068
DOI: 10.5424/fs/2014233-06256
Appears in Collections:DiSAFRi - Archivio della produzione scientifica

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