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Title: Comparison of approaches for reporting forest fire-related biomass loss and greenhouse gas emissions in southern Europe
Authors: Chiriacò, Maria Vincenza
Perugini, Lucia
Cimini, Dora
D'Amato, Enrico
Valentini, Riccardo
Bovio, Giovanni
Corona, Piermaria
Barbati, Anna
Keywords: CO2 and non-CO2 gases;Fire intensity;Fire severity;Forest type
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: CSIRO Publishing
Source: Chiriacò, M.V. et al. 2013. Comparison of approaches for reporting forest fire-related biomass loss and greenhouse gas emissions in southern Europe. "International Journal of Wildland fire" 22(6): 730-738
Wildfires are the most common disturbances in Mediterranean forest ecosystems that cause significant
emissions of greenhouse gases as a result of biomass burning. Despite this, there is reasonably high uncertainty regarding
the actual fraction of burnt biomass and the related CO2 and non-CO2 gas emissions released during forest fires. The aim of
this paper is to compare existing methodologies adopted in the National Greenhouse Gas Inventory reports of five of the
most fire-affected countries of southern Europe (Italy, Spain, Greece, Portugal, France) with those proposed in the
literature, to operationally estimate forest fire emissions, and to discuss current perspectives on reducing uncertainties in
reporting activities for the Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry sector under the United Nations Framework
Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol. Five selected approaches have been experimentally applied for the
estimation of burnt biomass in forest fire events that occurred in Italy in the period 2008–2010. Approaches based on
nominal rates of biomass loss can lead to an overly conservative value or, conversely, to underestimation of the fraction of
burnt biomass. Uncertainties can be greatly reduced by an operational method able to assess inter-annual and local
variability of fire effects on fire-affected forest types.
L'articolo è disponibile sul sito dell'editore
ISSN: 1448-5516
DOI: 10.1071/WF12011
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