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|Title:||Influence of plant growth regulators, carbon sources and iron on the cyclic secondary somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration of transgenic cherry rootstock ‘Colt’ (Prunus avium x P. pseudocerasus)||Authors:||Gutiérrez-Pesce, Patricia
|Keywords:||Dwarf rootstock;Embryo germination;Shoot meristem growth;Sugars;Transgenic plants||Issue Date:||2004||Publisher:||Kluwer Academic Publishers||Source:||Gutiérrez-Pesce, P., Rugini, E. 2004. Influence of plant growth regulators, carbon sources and iron on the cyclic secondary somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration of transgenic cherry rootstock ‘Colt’ (Prunus avium x P. pseudocerasus). "Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture" 79 (2): 223-232||Abstract:||
The frequency of long-term secondary somatic embryogenesis and shoot meristem development from embryogenic masses of the cherry rootstock ‘Colt’ (Prunus avium x P. pseudocerasus), differentiated from transgenic roots containing the T-DNA of Agrobacterium rhizogenes, has opened the way for genetic improvement by biotechnological techniques. Whole plants were produced by stimulating shoot meristem development from somatic embryos. The combination of 4 mg 1¯¹ of kinetin and 2% of maltose under illumination stimulated shoot development and, subsequently, whole plants have been recovered by
applying 1.5 mg 1¯¹ kinetin to the rooting medium. Although numerous treatments have been tested involving both embryogenic masses and whole embryos, normal embryo germination was observed sporadically.
Cold treatment was effective in stimulating secondary somatic embryogenesis with embryo
development to the cotyledonary stage, but did not promote their germination. Similarly, a higher concentration (44–55 mg 1¯¹) of chelated iron than that commonly used in tissue culture media (36.7 mg 1¯¹) produced, after 3 weeks in culture, almost a 50% increase in the number of embryos at the cotyledonary stage per embryogenic mass. Among the cytokinins tested, 1 mg 1 ¯¹ of 6-benzylaminopurine and 0.1 mg 1¯¹ of thidiazuron were effective in inducing secondary somatic embryogenesis; however, each of them expressed highest efficiency with specific medium and environmental conditions. Furthermore, application of 1 mg 1¯¹ thidiazuron reverted morphogenic callus to non-morphogenic callus, particularly in medium
containing 2% sucrose. Finally, hormone free medium with 2% maltose enhanced maturation of the embryos to the normal cotyledonary stage. This paper has improved knowledge of embryo culture and plant production in this important genotype, opening the way for genetic improvement by biotechnological techniques, mainly with the aim of modifying the growth pattern of the canopy of sweet cherry grafted on it.
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|Appears in Collections:||DIPROV - Archivio della produzione scientifica|
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