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Title: Differentiation of European cattle by AFLP fingerprinting
Authors: Negrini, Riccardo
Nijman, Isaäc J.
Milanesi, Elisabetta
Moazami-Goudarzi, Katayoun
Williams, J. L.
Erhardt, Georg
Dunner, Susana
Rodellar, Clementina
Valentini, Alessio
Bradley, Dan G.
Olsaker, Ingrid
Kantanen, Juha
Ajmone-Marsan, Paolo
Lenstra, Johannes A.
Keywords: Amplified fragment length polymorphism;AFLP;Cattle;Bovino;Genetic diversity;Diversità genetica;Introgression;Introgressione;Zebu;Zebu
Issue Date: 15-Apr-2011
The Neolithic introduction of domestic cattle into Europe was followed by differential
adaptation, selection, migration and genetic isolation, leading ultimately to the emergence of specialized breeds. We have studied the differentiation of European cattle by amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) fingerprinting. Combining AFLP data sets from two laboratories yielded 81 biallelic polymorphic markers scored in 19–22 individual animals from 51 breeds. Model-based clustering differentiated Podolian cattle as well as French and
Alpine breeds from other European cattle. AFLP genetic distances correlated well with
microsatellite-based genetic distances calculated for the same breeds. However, the AFLP data emphasized the divergence of taurine and indicine cattle relative to the variation among European breeds and indicated an Eastern influence on Italian and Hungarian
Podolian breeds. This probably reflects import from the East after the original introduction
of domestic cattle into Europe. Our data suggest that Italian cattle breeds are relatively diverse at the DNA sequence level.
Appears in Collections:DiPA - Archivio della produzione scientifica

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