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Title: Ancient DNA: genomic amplification of Roman and medieval bovine bones.
Authors: Pariset, Lorraine
Gabbianelli, Federica
De Bernardis, Donatella
Fortunato, Michele Tommaso
Alhaique, Francesca
De Minicis, Elisabetta
Valentini, Alessio
Keywords: Cattle remains;resti bovini;medieval age;età medievale;roman age;età romana;Ferento;Ferento;mitochondrial aDNA;DNA antico mitocondriale;D-loop;D-loop
Issue Date: 8-Apr-2011
Cattle remains (bones and teeth) of both roman and medieval age were collected in the
archaeological site of Ferento (Viterbo, Italy) with the aim of extracting and characterising nucleic acids. Procedures to minimize contamination with modern DNA and to help ancient DNA (aDNA) preservation of the archaeological remains were adopted. Different techniques to extract aDNA
(like Phenol/chloroform extraction) from bovine bones were tested to identify the method that applies to the peculiar characteristics of the study site. Currently, aDNA investigation is mainly based on mtDNA, due to the ease of amplification of the small and high-copied genome and to its usefulness in evolutionary studies. Preliminary amplification of both mitochondrial and nuclear aDNA fragments from samples of Roman and medieval animals were performed and partial specific sequences of mitochondrial D-loop as well as of nuclear genes were obtained. The innovative amplification of nuclear aDNA could enable the analysis of genes involved in specific animal traits, giving insights of ancient economic and cultural uses, as well as providing
information on the origin of modern livestock population.
Appears in Collections:DiPA - Archivio della produzione scientifica

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