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Title: Genetic structure and temporal stability in the horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus)
Authors: Cimmaruta, Roberta
Bondanelli, Paola
Ruggi, Alessandra
Nascetti, Giuseppe
Keywords: Horse mackerel;Allozymes;Stock structure;Genetic variability;Stock status
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Cimmaruta, R. et al. 2008. Genetic structure and temporal stability in the horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus). "Fisheries Research" 89 (2): 114-121
This study aimed at assessing the temporal and spatial genetic structure of the horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus) using allozymes, within
the frame of a multidisciplinary research project directed at the stock assessment of this species. To this end, 19 samples were taken from a large
part of the geographical range of the species, providing more than 2200 specimens analysed. Samples from 14 localities were caught twice in
different years, so that the temporal stability of their genetic structure could be investigated. The genotypes and the allele frequencies obtained at
different times from the same locality were statistically consistent, suggesting that the genetic structure of horse mackerel populations is stable
Allozyme analysis showed that all the horse mackerel populations studied, although geographically separated, were genetically homogeneous
and connected by high levels of gene flow. Attempts to highlight subtle genetic structure only revealed a slight differentiation between eastern
Mediterranean samples (Ionian and Aegean Seas) versus the western Mediterranean and Atlantic ones, in agreement with the horse mackerel’s
migration routes so far identified and with the results obtained using different approaches (parasites as biological tags, otoliths).
A further objective of the research was to assess the level of genetic variability in this species. We found very high variability in all the studied
samples, among the highest recorded in the literature for many pelagic and demersal fishes. Since the levels of genetic variability are increasingly
used as indicators of the state of exploited and human-impacted populations, the results obtained suggested that the biomass depletion suffered by
the horse mackerel has not impoverished its genetic resources yet. However, it is worth noting that the significantly lowest values were recorded
for the samples from the so-called north-western stock, where the catches are rapidly decreasing since 1996.
L'articolo è disponibile sul sito dell'editore
ISSN: 0165-7836
DOI: 10.1016/j.fishres.2007.09.030
Appears in Collections:DECOS - Archivio della produzione scientifica

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