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Title: Molecular and structural characterisation of a macrophage migration inhibitory factor from sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.)
Authors: Buonocore, Francesco
Randelli, Elisa
Facchiano, Angelo M.
Pallavicini, Alberto
Modonut, Martina
Scapigliati, Giuseppe
Keywords: Fish Immunology;Molecular Biology and Evolution;3D structure;European sea bass;Dicentrarchus labrax;MIF;Real-time PCR
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Buonocore, F. et al. 2010. Molecular and structural characterisation of a macrophage migration inhibitory factor from sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.). "Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology" 136(3-4): 297-304
The macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a cytokine produced in numerous cell types, mainly T lymphocytes and macrophages, in response to inflammatory stimuli. In this paper we report the identification of a cDNA encoding a MIF molecule from sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.), its expression analysis and its 3D structure obtained by template-based modelling. The sea bass MIF cDNA consists of 609 bp that translates in one reading frame to give the entire molecule containing 115 amino acids. The sequence contains three cysteine residues in conserved positions compared to human MIF and most Teleost fishes, with the exception of zebrafish and carp. The Cys57-Ala58-Leu59-Cys60 motif, present inside the stretch important for JAB1-interaction and mediator of the thiol-protein oxidoreductase activity of MIF, is conserved in sea bass, together with the Pro2 residue that is crucial for the tautomerase catalytic activity. Real time PCR analyses revealed that MIF is constitutively expressed in all selected tissues and organs, with the highest mRNA level observed in thymus. MIF expression was induced after 4 hours in vitro stimulation of head kidney leukocytes with LPS and decreased after 24 hours. The predicted 3D model of sea bass MIF has been used to verify the presence of structural requirements for its known biological activities.
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ISSN: 0165-2427
DOI: 10.1016/j.vetimm.2010.03.007
Appears in Collections:DISA - Archivio della produzione scientifica

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