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Title: The cyclooxygenase-2/prostaglandin E2 pathway is involved in the somatostatin-induced decrease of epileptiform bursting in the mouse hippocampus
Authors: Ristori, Chiara
Cammalleri, Maurizio
Martini, Davide
Pavan, Barbara
Casini, Giovanni
Cervia, Davide
Bagnoli, Paola
Keywords: Neuropeptide signalling;Epilepsy;Prostaglandin E2;COX-2 inhibitors;Hippocampal slices;Electrophysiological recordings
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Ristori, C. et al. 2008. The cyclooxygenase-2/prostaglandin E2 pathway is involved in the somatostatin-induced decrease of epileptiform bursting in the mouse hippocampus. "Neuropharmacology" 54(5): 874-884
The neuromodulatory peptide somatostatin-14 (SRIF) plays an important inhibitory role in epilepsy, but little is known on the signalling mechanisms coupled to this effect of SRIF. We have previously demonstrated that SRIF induces reduction of epileptiform bursting in a model of interictal-like activity in mouse hippocampal slices. In this same model, we investigated whether the cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2)/prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) pathway is part of those signalling mechanisms mediating SRIF anti-epileptic actions. Both the expression of COX-2 (mRNA and protein) and the endogenous release of PGE2 increased in concomitance with epileptiform bursting. In particular, COX-2 protein increased in CA1/CA3 pyramidal layer and in the granular layer of the dentate gyrus. In addition, the selective inhibition of COX-2 by NS-398 markedly decreased endogenous PGE2 release induced by epileptiform bursting and the epileptiform bursting itself. Similar effects on epileptiform bursting were obtained with another COX-2 inhibitor, i.e., meloxicam. SRIF application counteracted the increase of both COX-2 expression and PGE2 release which occurred in concomitance with epileptiform bursting. Interestingly, SRIF and NS-398 comparably reduced epileptiform bursting in a non-additive manner and PGE2 abolished the inhibitory effect of SRIF on epileptiform bursting. These results demonstrate that: i) the COX-2/PGE2 pathway facilitates epileptiform bursting; and ii) SRIF exerts an anti-epileptic role by coupling to the COX-2/PGE2 pathway. In conclusion, we have identified a key set of signalling events that underlie anti-convulsant effects of SRIF in a mouse model of hippocampal bursting, thus providing useful data not only to identify alternative intervention points for the modulation of SRIF function, but also to exploit new chemical space for drug-like molecules.
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ISSN: 0028-3908
DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2008.01.008
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