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Title: Resistance of Antarctic black fungi and cryptoendolithic communities to simulated space and Martian conditions
Authors: Onofri, Silvano
Barreca, Donatella
Selbmann, Laura
Daniela, Isola
Rabbow, Elke
Horneck, Gerda
de Vera, Jean Pierre
Hatton, Jeason
Zucconi Galli Fonseca, Laura
Keywords: Astrobiology;Astrobiologia;Cryptoendolithic community;Comunità criptoendolitica;Fungi;Funghi;Lithopanspermia;Litopanspermia;Space conditions;Condizioni spaziali
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Centralbureau voor Schimmelcultures
Source: Onofri S., Barreca D., Selbmann L., Isola D., Rabbow E., Horneck G., de Vera J.P.P., Hatton J., Zucconi L., 2008. Resistance of Antarctic black fungi and cryptoendolithic communities to simulated space and Martian conditions. Studies in Mycology 61: 99-109.
Dried colonies of the Antarctic rock-inhabiting meristematic fungi Cryomyces antarcticus CCFEE 515, CCFEE 534 and C. minteri CCFEE 5187, as well as fragments
of rocks colonized by the Antarctic cryptoendolithic community, were exposed to a set of ground-based experiment verification tests (EVTs) at the German Aerospace Center
(DLR, Köln, Germany). These were carried out to test the tolerance of these organisms in view of their possible exposure to space conditions outside of the International Space
Station (ISS). Tests included single or combined simulated space and Martian conditions. Responses were analysed both by cultural and microscopic methods. Thereby,
colony formation capacities were measured and the cellular viability was assessed using live/dead dyes FUN 1 and SYTOX Green. The results clearly suggest a general good
resistance of all the samples investigated. C. minteri CCFEE 5187, C. antarcticus CCFEE 515 and colonized rocks were selected as suitable candidates to withstand space flight
and long-term permanence in space on the ISS in the framework of the LIchens and Fungi Experiments (LIFE programme, European Space Agency).
ISSN: 0166-0616
Appears in Collections:DECOS - Archivio della produzione scientifica

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