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|Title:||Molecular systematics and biogeography of the western Mediterranean stonefly genus Tyrrhenoleuctra (Insecta, Plecoptera)||Authors:||Fochetti, Romolo
Tierno De Figueroa, José Manuel
Modica, Maria Vittoria
|Keywords:||Phylogeny;Leuctridae;Cytochrome oxidase subunit-1;12S;Evolutionary rates;West Mediterranean;Palaeogeography||Issue Date:||2009||Publisher:||Wiley-Blackwell||Source:||Fochetti, R. et al. 2009. Molecular systematics and biogeography of the western Mediterranean stonefly genus Tyrrhenoleuctra (Insecta, Plecoptera). "Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research" 47(4): 328-336||Abstract:||
The stonefly genus Tyrrhenoleuctra includes species living in western Mediterranean temporary freshwater streams, sometimes also at sea level, a very unusual habitat for most Plecoptera. Traditional morphological approaches proved unsuccessful in drawing both taxonomic and phylogenetic patterns, thus hampering discussion of biogeographical patterns for this interesting group. We aimed at: (a) assessing the taxonomic status of populations of Tyrrhenoleuctra covering the geographic range of the genus; (b) studying the phylogenetic relationships among the recognized species; and (c) describing biogeographic patterns. We used phylogenetic analyses to infer the phylogenetic history of this group of stoneflies based on a combined data set of 1666 bp including fragments of the 12S ribosomal (12S) and cytochrome oxidase I (CO-I) mtDNA genes, with maximum likelihood and Bayesian methods. Two main clades have been identified: a Sardo-Corsican one, including Tyrrhenoleuctra zavattarii, and an Ibero-Maghrebian one including four lineages of unkown taxonomic rank from the Balearic Islands (Maiorca), from northern Africa (Ceuta) and southernmost Spain (Algeciras), and a complex preliminarily referred herein to T. minuta (Klapálek, 1901), which includes two lineages, one from Cordoba, and one from Sierra de Grazalema (El Cerro) and Portugal (Tellhares) respectively. Dating the nodes by fixing the split of the Ibero-Maghrebian clade from the Sardo-Corsican one at 29 million years ago (Mya), yielded dates referring to the major geological events in the Mediterranean basin. Estimated molecular evolutionary rates ranged from 0.02-0.09% per million years (my) in the T. zavattarii lineages, to 0.2-0.7% per MY in the Ibero-Maghrebian clade. The phylogenetic pattern emerged from the present study is congruent with the known paleo-history of the western Mediterranean basin, with the divergence of the two main Tyrrhenoleuctra lineages corresponding to the split of the Sardo-Corsican microplate from the Iberian block. Vicariance events have characterized the history of this stonefly group along its entire biogeographical history. Surprisingly low evolutionary rates, previously supposed by Fochetti (1991, 1994) and Fochetti et al. (2004) based on nuclear markers (allozymes), have been herein found also in mitochondrial markers.
L'articolo è disponibile sul sito dell'edditore http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/
|Appears in Collections:||DISA - Archivio della produzione scientifica|
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