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Title: Expression, localization and functional coupling of the somatostatin receptor subtype 2 in a mouse model of oxygen-induced retinopathy
Authors: Dal Monte, Massimo
Ristori, Chiara
Videau, Catherine
Loudes, Catherine
Martini, Davide
Casini, Giovanni
Epelbaum, Jacques
Bagnoli, Paola
Keywords: Angiogenesis;Hypoxia;Somatostatinergic system;Retinal vasculature
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO)
Source: Dal Monte, M. et al. 2010. Expression, localization, and functional coupling of the somatostatin receptor subtype 2 in a mouse model of oxygen-induced retinopathy. "Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science" 51(4): 1848-1856
PURPOSE. In the mouse model of oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) somatostatin (SRIF) acting at the SRIF receptor subtype 2 (sst2) inhibits angiogenic responses to hypoxia through a downregulation of vascular endothelial growth factor. Information on the sites where SRIF-sst2 interactions take place is lacking, and downstream effectors mediating SRIF-sst2 antiangiogenic actions are unknown.
METHODS. In the OIR model, retinal expression of SRIF was evaluated with RT-PCR and RIA. The bindings of [125I]LTT-SRIF-28 and [125I]Tyr3-octreotide were measured in coronal sections of the eye. With Western blot we evaluated the levels of sst2A as well as the expression and the activity of the Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription (STAT)3. The analysis of STAT3 was performed in hypoxic mice treated with the sst2 agonist octreotide or with the sst2 antagonist D-Tyr8 cyanamid 154806 (CYN). Retinal localization of sst2A was assessed by single and double immunohistochemistry with an endothelial cell marker.
RESULTS. In the hypoxic retina, both SRIF and sst2 levels as well
as [125I]Tyr3-octreotide binding were downregulated. In addition, sst2A immunostaining was decreased in the neuroretina, but was increased in capillaries. Hypoxia increased both expression and activity of STAT3. This increase was inhibited by octreotide, while was strengthened by CYN.
CONCLUSIONS. These data suggest that i. sst2 expressed by capillaries may be responsible of the antiangiogenic effects of SRIF and ii. downstream effectors in this action include the transcription factor STAT3. These results support the possibility of using sst2- selective ligands in the treatment of proliferative retinopathies and indicate STAT3 as an additional target for novel therapeutic approach.
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ISSN: 0146-0404
DOI: 10.1167/iovs.09-4472
Appears in Collections:DISA - Archivio della produzione scientifica

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